Q: What is Proposition 65?
In 1986, California voters approved the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 more commonly known as Proposition 65. Proposition 65 requires the State of California to publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer, or birth defects or other reproductive harm. This list, which must be updated at least once a year, has grown to include approximately 900 chemicals since it was first published in 1987.
The list includes a wide variety of chemicals many of which can be found in common household products, dyes, solvents, drugs, food-additives, pesticides and tobacco products and many are by-products of certain manufacturing processes, or they may be products of common chemical processes, such as motor vehicle exhaust.
Q: What does a warning mean?
If a warning is placed on a product label or posted or distributed at a workplace, a business, or in rental housing, the business issuing the warning is aware or believes that it is exposing individuals to one or more listed chemicals.
By law, a warning must be given for listed chemicals unless the exposure is low enough to pose no significant risk of cancer or is significantly below levels observed to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Q: Where can I get more information on Proposition 65?
For information on the Proposition 65 list of chemicals, you may contact OEHHA’s Proposition 65 program at (916) 445-6900, or visit
Q: What types of chemicals are on the Proposition 65 list?
The list contains a wide range of naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals that include additives or ingredients in pesticides, common household products, food, drugs, dyes, or solvents. Listed chemicals may also be used in manufacturing and construction, or they may be byproducts of chemical processes, such as motor vehicle exhaust.
For as long as there have been firearms, there has been the need to protect and educate our children when it comes to guns. One of the biggest problems we have today is that there is not enough firearms safety training for children. Century Dynamics is as concerned about your children and their safety as you are. Here are some basic rules and suggestions for making your home a safe environment for both children and your firearms. Please remember, though, this is only a guide, and there is no substitute for training and education. With our Right to Keep and Bear Arms comes a responsibility to keep and bear them safely. Firearms safety is your responsibility and your duty, to our children and to ourselves.
1. Don’t try to hide a gun in the house, thinking that the child will never find it. They will. Children have the ability to find anything adults can hide. And, the better something is hidden, the harder the child will look for it, and the more importance it will have to the child once it is found.
2. Avoid attaching any mystique to the firearm through flat prohibition. Nothing gets a child’s attention faster or stronger than being told “No,” without explanation or reasoning. Children are smart, and will see through flat prohibition.
3. If you carry a firearm on a daily basis, be sure to secure it when you get home. Make sure that your child knows you do this, and why.
4. Teach your children these basic firearms safety rules:
· Always assume that a gun is loaded, even after you have personally unloaded it.
· Never point a firearm at another person. Never point a firearm in the direction of anything except a proper target at a range or while hunting.
· Never handle a firearm unnecessarily.
· Never accept a firearm from another person unless they have shown it to be unloaded in front of you. Never assume.
· Always verify the unloaded condition of a firearm.
· Never throw, drop, or otherwise mishandle a firearm.
· When encountering a strange gun (say laying on the street), do not pick it up. Contact an adult (preferably a law enforcement officer) as soon as possible. When possible, keep other children away from the gun. Do not make any assumptions about a “found” weapon.
· When firing at a range, always keep the gun pointed down range, towards the targets.
· A firearm is not a toy. Do not treat it like one.
· Do not show off firearms to friends and schoolmates. And, do not tell friends and schoolmates that there are firearms in the house. Do not take a firearm from its place without a parent present.
· Always use proper ear and eye protection when at the range.
· A firearm is not a status symbol, or indicator of strength. Do not use it as one.
· Whenever you are in doubt about a firearm, do not touch it. Get an adult to check it for you.
· Remember, it is our right to keep and bear arms, but it is also our responsibility to do so safely. It only takes one little mistake to cause a big accident.
· Let them know that firearms are capable of bodily injury, destruction and possibly death if misused. Do not “soft-soap” the truth. Apply the same principles as Driver’s Education courses in the schools do.
· Start your children off right by showing them the ropes about guns. This includes showing them the proper procedures for unloading, verifying and handling a firearm. Where available, a certified instructor should be used to teach proper shooting and safety technique.
· Make sure to show your children how to clean and care for a firearm. A dirty, or abused gun is more dangerous than any other.
· Encourage your children to learn these safety rules, and to follow them. One method that helps is to take them to the range (once they are old enough to handle a firearm) and let them shoot. Another method is to use air guns in early training and safety education. This will not only further strengthen the other lessons, but will also serve to remove the mystique that has been put up around firearms. It is this mystique that leads to most firearms accidents today.
· Remember, nothing is as good as education, and open, honest discussion.
· When there are many children visiting, secure your firearms in a proper lock-box, safe, or unreachable location that you can monitor. Keep all spare ammo separate from the guns.
· If your child is alone in the house regularly, consider getting a small safe or lockbox to keep your firearms in when you are not there.
· Be sure to follow all of the rules you set for your children. If you violate any of them, the child will feel comfortable in following your example.
· Always wear appropriate clothing when shooting. This includes long pants, closed shoes and high necked shirts.
· Always have your eye and ear protection on when on the range.
· Never bother another shooter while they are on the line.
· Never cross the firing line without the range-master’s knowledge and approval.
· Do not clear your own jams unless you are sure you can do so safely. If at all unsure, call the Range-master. DO NOT EXPERIMENT!
· Be sure of your footing at all times.
· If shooting at steel targets, do not use semi-jacketed ammo. Fragments have been known to travel a long way.
· Do not put your finger on the trigger or disengage the safety until you are on the line and ready to shoot.
· Be courteous of your neighbor at the range.
· Do not smoke on the firing line.
To read more about firearms safety, we encourage you to visit the websites of the organizations linked below. They contain a wealth of information on responsible gun handling, usage, and storage.